Choose the Countries Which Share a Border with Germany

Knowing which countries border Germany is an important piece of information that can come in handy for many reasons. For example, it can help you plan a trip to the region, understand the cultural and historical context of Germany, or even aid in business decisions. In this guide, I will provide you with a clear and concise overview of the countries that share a border with Germany, so you can make informed decisions and gain a deeper appreciation for the region.

So, if you’re ready to learn about the countries that are located at the borders of Germany and how they impact this beautiful region, keep reading. By the end of this guide, you will have a better understanding of the historical, cultural, political, and economic significance of these neighboring countries and how they relate to Germany. Let’s get started!

Why It’s Important to Know Which Countries Border Germany

As a traveler or a student of geography, it’s important to know which countries share a border with Germany. This knowledge can help you plan your travels or research about the different cultures and histories of these countries.

Additionally, Germany’s relationships with its neighboring countries have played a significant role in its political and economic development over the years. Understanding these relationships can provide insight into Germany’s foreign policy decisions and trade agreements.

Germany’s Neighbors to the North

Germany shares a border with two countries to the north: Denmark and Poland. Denmark is separated from Germany by the Jutland Peninsula and is connected by the Kiel Canal, a man-made waterway. Poland, on the other hand, has a long land border with Germany and the two countries share a complicated history due to World War II and the Cold War.

Despite their historical baggage, both Denmark and Poland offer unique experiences for visitors to Germany’s northern border. From exploring Denmark’s picturesque coastal towns to discovering Poland’s rich cultural heritage, there is plenty to see and do in these neighboring countries.

Germany’s Neighbors to the East

Germany’s eastern border is shared with two countries: Poland and the Czech Republic. Poland is Germany’s eastern neighbor, and the two countries share a 456 km (283 mile) border. The border between Germany and the Czech Republic is shorter, spanning 815 km (506 miles).

Poland is a beautiful country with a rich history and culture. It is home to many stunning medieval cities, including Krakow and Gdansk, which are popular tourist destinations. The country also boasts beautiful natural scenery, such as the Tatra Mountains and Biebrza National Park.

The Czech Republic is a small landlocked country in central Europe. It is known for its beautiful capital city, Prague, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The country is also famous for its beer, and Czechs are some of the world’s largest consumers of the beverage.

Germany’s relationship with its eastern neighbors has been complex over the years, with periods of conflict and cooperation. Today, however, the countries have strong diplomatic and economic ties, with Germany being one of Poland’s most important trading partners and the Czech Republic being an important destination for German tourists.

Overall, understanding Germany’s neighbors to the east is important for anyone interested in German culture, history, or travel. The region is full of fascinating destinations and has played a significant role in shaping German history and identity.

Germany’s Neighbors to the South

Germany is located in the heart of Europe and shares borders with nine countries. To the south, Germany is bordered by Austria and Switzerland. Knowing which countries share a border with Germany is important for several reasons. First, it can help you plan your travels and explore neighboring countries while visiting Germany. Second, it can provide insights into Germany’s history, culture, and political and economic relations with its neighbors.

Austria, with its picturesque Alpine landscapes, is a popular tourist destination for Germans and visitors from around the world. The two countries share a long history and have close cultural ties. In addition, Austria and Germany are important trade partners, with strong economic relations.

Switzerland, known for its stunning natural beauty and financial center in Zurich, is also a popular tourist destination. The country’s strong economy and banking industry make it an important economic partner for Germany.

Understanding Germany’s relationship with its southern neighbors can provide valuable insights into the country’s position in Europe and the world. It also offers opportunities for travel and exploration, making the region a must-visit for any traveler to Germany.

Germany’s Neighbors to the West

Germany is bordered to the west by two countries: Belgium and the Netherlands. These two countries are known for their beautiful landscapes and rich culture, making them popular destinations for travelers from around the world.

Belgium, a small country that is often overlooked, has a lot to offer. It is famous for its delicious chocolates, waffles, and beer. Its capital city, Brussels, is home to many historic buildings and landmarks, including the Atomium and the Manneken Pis statue. Belgium is also known for its role in the European Union, hosting many important institutions.

The Netherlands, on the other hand, is famous for its tulips, windmills, and canals. Its capital city, Amsterdam, is one of the most visited cities in Europe, attracting millions of tourists every year. The country is also known for its progressive values, such as its liberal policies towards drugs and same-sex marriage.

Both Belgium and the Netherlands share a long history with Germany, which is reflected in their architecture, art, and cuisine. The three countries have also developed strong economic and political ties over the years, making them important partners in the European Union and beyond.

If you’re planning a trip to Germany, don’t miss the chance to explore its neighboring countries to the west. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, or simply enjoying the beauty of nature, Belgium and the Netherlands have something to offer for everyone.

The History and Culture of Germany’s Bordering Countries

Germany shares borders with nine countries, each with its own unique history and culture. Understanding the history and culture of these neighboring countries is essential for anyone interested in gaining a deeper appreciation of Germany’s place in Europe and the world.


France and Germany have had a long and complex history, marked by periods of war and peace. Today, France is Germany’s most important partner in the European Union, and the two countries work closely together on a wide range of political and economic issues. French culture has had a significant influence on German art, literature, and cuisine, and vice versa.


Poland and Germany have a troubled history that includes the devastation of Poland during World War II. However, in recent years, the two countries have worked to overcome their difficult past and have developed a close relationship based on shared cultural and economic ties.

Czech Republic

The Czech Republic and Germany share a long and intertwined history, dating back to the Holy Roman Empire. Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic, is one of the most beautiful and culturally rich cities in Europe, and has been a popular destination for German tourists for many years.


Austria and Germany share a language and a deep cultural connection. Many of the greatest composers and artists in history, from Mozart to Freud, were Austrian or German, and the two countries share a love of music, literature, and the arts.


Switzerland and Germany share a long border and a deep cultural and economic relationship. Swiss cities like Zurich and Geneva are centers of international finance and commerce, while the Swiss Alps are a popular destination for German skiers and hikers.


Denmark and Germany share a long history and a close economic relationship. Denmark is a popular destination for German tourists, who come to visit its charming cities and beautiful coastline.


The Netherlands and Germany share a long and complex history, marked by periods of conflict and cooperation. Today, the two countries are close partners in the European Union, and Dutch culture has had a significant influence on German art, literature, and cuisine.


Belgium and Germany share a long and complex history, marked by periods of conflict and cooperation. Today, the two countries are close partners in the European Union, and Belgium is a popular destination for German tourists, who come to visit its charming cities and beautiful countryside.


Luxembourg is a small country that shares a long border with Germany. Despite its small size, Luxembourg has a rich history and culture, and is a popular destination for German tourists who come to visit its historic castles and picturesque villages.

Overall, Germany’s neighbors have had a profound influence on its history and culture, and continue to play an important role in its future as a member of the European Union and a leader in global affairs.

Traveling to Germany’s Bordering Countries

Traveling to Germany’s neighboring countries is a great opportunity to experience the diversity of the European continent. Each country has its unique culture, language, and cuisine, making it a must-visit destination for every traveler. From the Alps in Austria to the picturesque towns in the Netherlands, there is so much to explore and see.

If you’re planning a trip to Germany’s neighboring countries, it’s essential to research the transportation options available to you. Trains are a popular and convenient mode of transportation in Europe, and many cities have direct connections to major German cities like Berlin, Hamburg, and Munich.

France is a popular destination for travelers from around the world. With its iconic landmarks like the Eiffel Tower and the Louvre, it’s no surprise that France is a top tourist destination. The country is also known for its world-renowned cuisine, fashion, and art. From Paris to the French Riviera, there are endless opportunities to explore and discover the beauty of France.

The Netherlands is another popular destination for travelers to Germany. With its charming canals, tulip fields, and windmills, the country is a favorite among those seeking a peaceful and scenic vacation. Amsterdam, the capital city of the Netherlands, is known for its artistic heritage, lively nightlife, and beautiful architecture.

Austria is a country known for its stunning Alpine scenery, rich cultural heritage, and delicious food. Vienna, the capital city of Austria, is known for its art and music scene, while Salzburg, birthplace of Mozart, is a charming city with a rich history and beautiful architecture.

Switzerland, known for its picturesque landscapes, is a popular destination for travelers seeking adventure and outdoor activities. The country is famous for its skiing and hiking, as well as its delicious chocolate and cheese. Zurich, the largest city in Switzerland, is known for its stunning views of Lake Zurich and its lively nightlife.

In conclusion, traveling to Germany’s neighboring countries is an excellent opportunity to explore the diversity of Europe and experience new cultures. With an extensive transportation network and endless opportunities for adventure and exploration, there is no better time to plan your trip to these beautiful destinations.

Trade and Economic Relations Between Germany and Its Neighbors

Germany is known for its strong economy, and much of this success is due to its trade and economic relations with its neighboring countries. The countries that border Germany, including Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, and Switzerland, are all important trading partners for Germany.

One of the key benefits of these relationships is the ability to create a larger market for German goods and services. With access to these neighboring countries, Germany can expand its reach beyond its own borders and sell to a larger customer base. In turn, this helps to drive economic growth in Germany and create new job opportunities.

Additionally, Germany’s trade relationships with its neighbors also help to diversify its economy. By importing goods and services from its neighbors, Germany can access products that it may not be able to produce efficiently on its own. This creates a more robust and varied economy, which can help to insulate Germany from economic shocks and downturns.

On the other side of the equation, Germany is also a vital trading partner for its neighbors. Many of these countries rely on Germany as a destination for their own exports, and the strong economic ties between Germany and its neighbors help to create a stable and reliable economic environment for all involved.

Overall, the trade and economic relations between Germany and its neighbors are mutually beneficial and play a vital role in the success of the German economy. By maintaining strong relationships with its neighbors, Germany can continue to grow and thrive on the global stage.

Political Relations Between Germany and Its Neighboring Countries

As one of the leading countries in the European Union, Germany maintains close political relations with its neighboring countries. The country has worked hard to build strong partnerships and alliances with its neighbors to ensure stability and cooperation in the region.

One of Germany’s most important relationships is with France. The two countries have a long history of conflict, but they have worked hard to build a strong partnership in recent years. They share many common interests, including their commitment to the European Union and the values of democracy and human rights.

Germany also has close political ties with other neighboring countries, such as Poland and the Netherlands. These relationships are important for maintaining stability in the region and promoting economic growth.

However, not all of Germany’s relationships with its neighbors are without challenges. For example, there has been ongoing tension between Germany and Turkey over issues such as human rights and immigration. Similarly, relations with Russia have been strained in recent years due to conflicts in Ukraine and other issues.

Overall, Germany’s political relationships with its neighboring countries are a key component of its foreign policy. By maintaining strong partnerships and working to resolve conflicts, Germany is helping to promote stability and cooperation in the region.


In conclusion, knowing which countries share a border with Germany is important not only for geographic knowledge but also for cultural, economic, and political reasons. The North, East, South, and West of Germany are all unique regions that offer different experiences and opportunities for travelers and businesses alike. By understanding the history, culture, and relations of Germany with its neighboring countries, individuals and companies can build stronger connections and collaborations with those countries.

Whether it’s exploring the picturesque towns of Denmark to the North, learning about the rich history of Poland to the East, enjoying the Mediterranean climate and food of Italy to the South, or discovering the scenic beauty of France to the West, there’s so much to discover and appreciate in Germany’s neighboring countries. Moreover, with the European Union, these countries have closer economic and political ties than ever before, making it easier for businesses to expand and for individuals to travel.

Overall, understanding Germany’s bordering countries is essential for anyone interested in geography, history, culture, economics, or politics. By taking the time to learn about these countries, individuals and businesses can open up new opportunities for growth, collaboration, and adventure.

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